Facts and figures

The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) has been gathering data on FGM in Sweden for a number of years. According to estimates published in 2015, some 38,000 girls and women in Sweden have undergone FGM, of whom 7,000 are aged 18 or younger (Socialstyrelsen, 2015).

The number at risk of FGM has been estimated on the basis of the number of girls with a mother born in a country where FGM is common. However, not all of this at-risk population is likely to undergo FGM. Rather, at-risk girls are defined according to family attitude to FGM and desire to continue the tradition after migration. Factors that affect whether a girl is actually at risk include how long the family has lived in Sweden, the family’s attitude to genital mutilation and the degree of integration.

Main communities affected

The main FGM-affected populations in Sweden are girls and women born in Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Egypt and Gambia.

Table: Estimated number of girls and women in Sweden who may have been subjected to FGM, 2012 (Socialstyrelsen, 2015)


Country of origin

Estimated number of FGM-affected girls/women
0-18 years 19-49 years 50+ Total
Egypt 264 915 353 1,533
Eritrea 909 4,400 959 6,267
Ethiopia 467 4,037 789 5,292
Gambia 213 1,011 152 1,376
Somalia 4,999 14,251 1,992 21,243
Sudan 260 643 59 962
Other countries 155 714 94 963
Total 7,267 25,972 4,398 37,636

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