Module Overview

>Foundation Modules:

Module 1: Introduction to Female Genital Mutilation

Target Group: All professionals

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 1 provides an overview of issues related to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and its prevalence in Europe. Key objectives are to:

  • Establish prevalence, definition and typology of FGM
  • Highlight immediate and longer-term consequences and risks of FGM
  • Describe key factors determining differences in how FGM is practised
  • Describe key international instruments available
  • Highlight the role of the sustainable development goals (SDGs)

Methods: Supporting documents, video material, useful links, factsheets, checklists, additional reading, self-assessment quiz.


Module 2: FGM: Understanding Gender and Social Dynamics

Target Group: All professionals

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 2 provides an overview of FGM, gender identity and migration. Key objectives are to:

  • Explain the role of FGM in defining gender identity and power dynamics
  • Explain why FGM can be understood as a social norm
  • Describe how gender inequality affects women and how this can be related to FGM
  • Illustrate how the migration process intersects with these dynamics
  • Identify ways of promoting an end to FGM from a gender and a social norm perspective

Method: Video material, supporting documents, useful links, checklists, additional reading, self-assessment quiz.


>Specialised Modules:

Module 3: The Consequences of FGM on Health and their Management

Target Group: Health professionals

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 3 examines the effects of FGM on health (physical, psychological, sexual and obstetrical) and their management by a multidisciplinary team. Surgical procedures as deinfibulation and reconstructive surgery are also covered.

Key objectives are to:

  • Describe physical, psychological, sexual and obstetrical consequences of FGM
  • Recognise these complications or refer to the appropriate services
  • Be able to treat these complications or refer to the appropriate caregiver
  • Describe the difference between deinfibulation and reconstructive surgery

Methods: Visual material, checklists, supporting documents and useful links, additional reading, self-assessment quiz.


Module 4: Ethics, Communication and Counselling in the Health Context

Target Group: Health Professionals

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 4 focuses on the main aspects that are essential in providing communication techniques in supporting young girls and women that have undergone female genital mutilation.

Key objectives are to:

  • To identify the main communication barriers experienced by women and health professionals.
  • To understand the basic principles of counselling and the necessary skills required for effective counselling, including specific advice for professional groups.
  • To explore different ways to identify young women and girls at risk of FGM.
  • To understand the consequences of the medicalization of FGM.
  • To become aware of some important issues of the current debates around FGM.

Methods: Case study, visual material, supporting documents and useful links, checklists, additional reading, self-assessment quiz.


Module 5: FGM as Ground for International Protection

Target Group: Asylum Professionals

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 5 discusses FGM in the context of asylum as ground for international protection. Specifically, analysis is provided on “well-founded fear of persecution” with focus on key regulations and legislation; outlines the key agents of persecution; describes the availability of state protection and the reasons for persecution; and explains the issue of internal flight or relocation alternative.

Key objectives are to:

  • Outline the legal basis for FGM-related claims to asylum under EU and other law
  • Establish the concept of State and non-State agents of persecution
  • Understand the term “well-founded fear of persecution” in the context of the Geneva Convention
  • Underline the significance of the directives on international protection in particular qualification (EU Directive 2011/95/EU- recast) and reception conditions (Council Directive 2003/9/EC and Directive 2013/33/EU)
  • Establish what is “relevant” and “reasonable” in considering the option of internal flight or relocation

Method: Case study, supporting policy and legal documents, useful links, checklists, additional reading, self-assessment quiz.


Module 6: The Asylum Context: Communication and Interviewing Techniques

Target Group: Asylum Professionals

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 6 outlines and discusses communication and interviewing techniques used to determine refugee status, the skills required to be effective and explain the key guiding principles in assessing credibility in the asylum context and procedures.  Key objectives are to:

  • Familiarise learners with the guiding principles of refugee status determination (RSD), notably the standard of proof and duty to substantiate, gathering and selecting objective, reliable and independent country  of origin information and other evidence to support claims
  • Underline the significance of the directives on international protection in particular qualification (EU Directive 2011/95/EU- recast) and European Asylum Procedures Directive (EU Directive 2013/32/EU; recast)
  • Discuss gender-sensitive interviewing and an individualised approach to assessing credibility
  • Provide checklists of key steps

Methods: Case study, supporting documents and useful links, checklists, additional reading, self-assessment quiz.


Module 7: The role of the justice system in the fight against FGM

Target Group: Lawyers, judges, and public prosecutors

Languages: English

Objectives: Module 7 covers the role of the actors of the justice system in the fight against FGM. It sets out the different legal answers to end FGM, in the different legal systems of the European Union. It explains the use of criminal and child protection law, and it provides information on professional secrecy legislation. Key objectives are to: