A. National Action Plans (NAP)
In 2009 the nation-wide INTEGRA network against FGM drew up a request for a national action plan (NAP) on FGM, including preventive measures for the comprehensive protection of at-risk and affected girls and women in Germany and countries of origin, scientific research, greater inclusion of women and men from migrant communities, and further training of professional staff. (For more on the interdisciplinary Federal Working Group (Bund-Länder-NRO) founded to design the NAP, see below under Institutions.)
B. Interdisciplinary guidelines
Germany has no legally binding regulations on approaches to FGM, relying instead on the following recommendations, guidelines and manuals developed by individual organisations.
“Intervention und Unterstützung bei Weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung – Möglichkeiten interdisziplinärer Fallzuammenarbeit” (Intervention and Support in the Case of Female Genital Mutilation), published in 2015 by the Hamburg Roundtable—bringing together individuals of a migrant background with professional personnel to develop prevention and intervention strategies for FGM affected and at-risk women and girls. The guidebook is aimed at professional personnel such as teachers, police officers and staff from the youth-welfare, victim protection and health services(Hamburger Runder Tisch, 2015).
“Weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung begegnen: Ein Leitfaden für Fachkräfte in sozialen, pädagogischen und medizinischen Berufen” (Responding to Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide for Key Professionals in Social, Pedagogical and Medical Professions), (TERRE DES FEMMES, 2014). This brochure for professionals, written by TDF as part of the CHANGE project, contains information about the health, legal and other consequences of FGM, as well as professionals’ legal responsibilities and prevention strategies
“Empfehlungen zum Umgang mit Patientinnen nach weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung” (Recommendations for dealing with FGM affected girls and women by the German Federal Doctors’ Chamber) (Bundesärztekammer, 2016).
“Leitfaden für pädagogische Fachkräfte” (Guide for educational personnel), (Stop mutilation, 2012).
C. Institutions (roundtables, working groups, etc.)
Federal Working Group (Bund-Länder-NRO AG)
The Federal Government/Länder (States) Working Group is led by the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ) and its Department for Children and Young People and is made up of members of the Federal Ministries of Health, the Interior, Foreign Affairs, Justice and Consumer Protection, and Economic Cooperation and Development, as well as the Federal Commissioner for Migration, Refugees and Integration, the Länder (States) of the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Medical Association and the INTEGRA network. The working group is tasked with developing strategies, exchanging best practice and sharing information about developments in the field, in line with European Commission goals to end FGM (EU Commission, 2013).
The state governments of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hamburg, Berlin-Brandenburg and the Capital of the Land of Bavaria, Munich have introduced roundtables on FGM, bringing together NGOs such as TDF and government representatives to discuss a range of topics, such as psychological care in refugee accommodation. The aim of the roundtables is to improve prevention and care through local ‘intervention chains’, as well as networking and the exchange of information.