National action plans, programmes and policies
The United Nations High Commissioner recommends the implementation of integrated plans and multisectoral strategies on FGM, involving public bodies, the media, civil society, community leaders and health and education professionals.
Unlike other EU countries, Spain does not have a specific plan to combat FGM. However, a National Strategy for the Eradication of Violence against Women (2013-16), which was published in 2015 and promotes a Healthcare Common Protocol, specifically refers to FGM (measure 185). In a number of Autonomous Communities, departments of health, social services, gender, education and/or immigration are increasingly including FGM prevention and awareness in integral programmes and plans.
Multidisciplinary protocols and guides
The recent (2015) adoption of the Common Protocol for Healthcare Response has particular importance in the context of FGM, guiding healthcare professionals to detect, treat and prevent FGM.
Multidisciplinary and multi-institutional protocols include Autonomous Communities’ professional and institutional protocols for the prevention, detection and treatment of FGM.
Other Communities have opted for protocols of healthcare action, as is the case in Andalucia and Pais Vasco.
Several cities have their own Action Protocol against FGM, for example, Bilbao:
Government Office for Gender Violence. (2015). Female genital mutilation in Spain. Retrieved from
Interdisciplinary Commission for Prevention of FGM, Aragón Government. (2004). STOP Female Genital Mutilation: Guide for prevention. Retrieved from http://issuu.com/josegarciaanon/docs/2004_stop_mgf_aragon
Interdisciplinary Group for the Prevention and Study of Traditional Harmful Practices (GIPE/PTP), Universidad Autónoma of Barcelona. (2010). multisectoral strategies. Retrieved from http://www.mgf.uab.cat/esp/recursos_para_profesionales.html
Ismail, A., (2014). Prevention and Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation: Manual for social intervention with an intercultural and gender approach. Retrieved from http://www.pensamientocritico.org/mutila1215.pdf
Medicus Mundi Andalucía. (2009). Female Genital Mutilation: Approach and prevention. Retrieved from https://www.medicusmundi.es/index.php/famme/publicaciones/libros/lucha_contra_la_mutilacion_genital_femenina_vol_ii
Medicus Mundi Andalucía. (2008). Female Genital Mutilation: More than a health problem. Retrieved from https://www.medicusmundi.es/index.php/famme/publicaciones/libros/lucha_contra_la_mutilacion_genital_femenina_vol_i
Midwives Catalan Association. (2004) Female Genital Mutilation: Prevention and attention. Guide for professionals. Retrieved from http://www.aen.es/docs/guias_vg/guia_mutilacion_genital.pdf
Peace and Development. (2011). Female Genital Mutilation. Practical guide. Retrieved from
UNAF (Unión Nacional de Asociaciones Familiares—National Union of Family Associations). (2015). Guide for Professionals: Female Genital Mutilation in Spain—prevention and intervention. Retrieved from