National action plans and/or other policy documents
In 1998 the government tasked the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) with developing and disseminating methods to prevent genital mutilation in Sweden, laying the basis for a national action plan (NAP) (Länsstyrelsen Östergötland, 2015).
The 2003 National Plan of Action against FGM had two goals: to prevent FGM among girls living in Sweden and to provide adequate care to girls and women already affected. The plan targeted practising communities; health, social and education professionals; police and prosecutors; and municipalities, counties and regions, with the goal of developing methods and knowledge, establishing jurisdiction and international preventive work. Implementing agents were central, municipal, county and regional government agencies and NGOs.
Also in 2003, the Board of Health and Welfare was instructed to work towards the prevention of FGM—to “take advantage of and further develop the preventive work against female genital mutilation in Sweden on the basis of existing knowledge”, by developing methods and developing and disseminating information (Länsstyrelsen Östergötland, 2015).
Although there is currently no NAP on FGM in Sweden, in 2013 the government again tasked the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) to take action, this time with the goal of developing skills to address FGM within the Swedish healthcare sector.
A currently active NAP to combat male violence against women, honour-related violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships also makes explicit reference to FGM and calls for a change in the statute of limitations in order that more cases are brought to court (Regeringens skrivelse, 2007; Statens Offentliga Utredningar, 2015).
The Administrative Board of the county of Östergötland (Länsstyrelsen Östergötland) report “Dare to See: A guide for the support, care and protection of girls and women who are, or risk being genitally mutilated” (2015) presents government authorities and the health and education sectors with a multidisciplinary approach to prevention, protection and support, incorporating work on FGM from other countries.
The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) report “Female Genital Mutilation: A support for health care work” (2016) aims to increase knowledge about FGM, aimed primarily at staff in the fields of maternal, child, women’s and school health and youth clinics, as well as health sector managers in counties and regions and social-service and school personnel.
Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) is responsible for the prevention of FGM in Sweden.
County Administrative Board of Östergötland (Länsstyrelsen Östergötland) has been tasked with preventing honour-related violence and oppression since 2005. In September 2013, the government commissioned Länsstyrelsen Östergötland to evaluate FGM-prevention efforts by Swedish public authorities and to develop and disseminate guidance for officials and affected communities.